- SE'UDAH SHELISHIT (Heb. סְעוּדָה שְׁלִישִׁית; "third meal"), name for the third meal eaten on the Sabbath. The eating of three meals on the Sabbath is considered by the rabbis as a positive commandment based on the repetition of the word "today" in Exodus 16:25: "Eat that (the manna) today, for today is a Sabbath unto the Lord; today ye shall not find it in the field" (Shab. 117b–118a). This commandment is also binding upon women (Sh. Ar., OḤ 291:6). The se'udah shelishit is the only Sabbath meal at which kiddush is not recited (Tur. OḤ 291), although two loaves are still placed on the table (Sh. Ar, ibid.). This meal, eaten in the afternoon of the Sabbath day, must not commence prior to the time for the beginning of the Minḥah prayer (Sh. Ar., OḤ 291:2). Ḥasidim especially developed the custom of spending hours at the table listening to their rebbe, singing special hymns and wordless melodies. It became customary to chant zemirot and Psalm 23 at this meal.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
SE'UDAH — (Heb. סְעוּדָה var. סְעֻדָּה; meal or banquet ; in Yiddish pronounced sude), a festive meal. Eating and drinking are considered as pious and sanctifying acts if their purpose is to keep physically fit and healthy and if the prescribed laws and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
FISH AND FISHING — In the Bible and Talmud The Bible says that humans are to exercise dominion over the fish as well as over all other subhuman life (Gen. 1:28). Fish are divided into clean and unclean by biblical dietary laws: These you may eat, of all that are in … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit … Encyclopedia of Judaism
MINḤAH — (Heb. מִנְחָה), the afternoon prayer service, one of the three daily services of the Jewish liturgy. The name of this prayer is derived from Elijah s devotions at the time of the offering of the evening (minḥah) offering (I Kings 18:36). One… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
SYNAGOGUE — This article is arranged according to the following outline. origins and history until the first century first century c.e. middle ages modern period … Encyclopedia of Judaism